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Maithili: from the land of madubani paintings

Brief Description

Maithili is of the family of Indo-Aryan languages, which are part of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages.

Regions where spoken

It is spoken in the Indian state of Bihar and in the eastern Terai region of Nepal. Linguists consider Maithili to be an Eastern Indic language, and thus a different language from Hindi, which is Central Indic. br /> The term Maithili comes from Mithila, which was an independent state in ancient times. Maithili is a separate language, having a large Maithili-speaking community (4.5 crore, or 45 million, people) with a rich literature

Development & Spread

The state's official language used to be Sanskrit, which distanced common people from the state and its functions. The name Maithili is also one of the names of Sita, the consort of Rama.
Maithili has been considered a dialect of both Hindi and Bengali, and in fact was classified as mother tongue of Hindi in the Census of India. In 2003, Maithili gained the status of an independent language in India. A movement to give the language official status through inclusion in the Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution so that it may be used in education, government, and other official contexts, resulted in Maithili being given official status in 2003. Script
Maithili was traditionally written in the Maithili script (also known by the names Tirhuta and Mithilakshar, which has some resemblance with the Bengali script. It was also written in the Kaithi script, but the Devanagari script is the script most commonly used today for Maithili. An effort is underway to preserve the Maithili script and to develop it for use in digital media by encoding the script in the Unicode standard.

Important Writers or Works

The most famous literary figure in Maithili is the poet Vidyapati. He is credited for raising the importance of 'people's language', i.e. Maithili, in the official work of the state by influencing the Maharaja of Darbhanga with the quality of his poetry.
Parmeshwar Jha, Sitaram Jha, Brajkishore Verma "Manipadma" , Dr. Binod Bihari Verma, Acharya Surendra Jha 'Suman' , Baidyanath Mishra Yatri (Nagarjuna), Bhola Lal Das , Baidyanath Jha, Yoganand Jha , Narendra Das , Rajeshwar Jha , Arsi Prasad Singh

Source: www.wikipedia.com, www.maithili.net, www.mithilaonline.com

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