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Nepali : Language of the Gurkhas

Brief Description

Nepali is considered to be a part of the Indo-Aryan language super family, making it a part of a linguistic group which includes major Indian languages such as Hindi, Bengali, Marathi and Gujarati. Like these languages, Nepali also finds significant derivation from Sanskrit. Nepali is written in a special form of the Devanagari script called Nepali Devanagari. Nepali Devanagari consists of 11 vowels and 33 consonants.

Nepali is a generally head-final language, which gives, among other things, an SOV word-order, and postpositions instead of prepositions. It has limited grammatical gender, although in many cases, gender agreement is confined to the written form of the language.

Regions where spoken

"Nepali", as the national language of Nepal is known, finds mention as a major Indian language in the Indian Constitution, on account of its widespread usage in parts of West Bengal, Assam and Sikkim. Nepali also features as a prominent language in Bhutan alongside Dzongkha, the national language of Bhutan. The recent official census in Nepal has confirmed that over 20 million people in Nepal alone utilize this language.

Development & Spread

Nepali is generically called "Khaskura" by most natives who speak the myriad variants of this language and passes under various name, such as "Gorkhali" or "Gurkhali" (literally, the language of the Gurkhas) and "Parbatiya" (literally, the language of the mountains). Nepali is the easternmost of a family of languages known as the Pahari languages, a group of related languages spoken across the lower elevations of the Himalayan range, from eastern Nepal through the Indian states of Uttaranchal and Himachal Pradesh. Nepali developed as a language in close proximity to a number of Tibeto-Burman languages, most notably Newari and shows considerable Tibeto-Burman influences.


The script is essentially phonetic and is written from left to right, with a top line indicating the word boundaries.

Important Writers or Works

Bhanubhakta, Motiram Bhatta, short stories had Laxmi Prasad Devkota, Guru Prasad Mainali, and Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala as the recognized trident force. Source: www.wikipedia.com, www.nepalipost.com , www.thdl.org, www.languageinindia.com

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