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Telugu: Language of Nizam

Brief Description

Telugu is a syllabic language. Similar to most languages of India, each symbol in Telugu script represents a complete syllable. There is very little scope for confusion and spelling problems. In that sense, it is a WYSIWYG script. This form of script is considered to be the most scientific by the linguists. This syllabic script has been achieved by the use of a set of basic symbols, a set of modifier symbols and rules for modification. Officially, there are eighteen vowels, thirty-six consonants, and three dual symbols. Of these, thirteen vowels, thirty five consonants are in common usage. There are two alternate symbols, for n and r consonant sounds, respectively. In addition, symbols used in Sanskrit such as the avagraha are also permitted. Although rare in modern Telugu, use of one symbol from Tamil script ('zh') was also allowed. Each basic letter has at least one more symbol of union to be used when it is a subordinate sound to one or more consonants. Telugu uses the same decimal system that is commonly referred to as the Hindu-Arabic system of numerals. It has its own symbols for numerals. Most often however, modern numerals are used in place of traditional numeric symbols.

Regions where spoken

It is a Dravidian language primarily spoken in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, where it is the official language. It is the Dravidian language with the largest number of speakers (including non-native speakers), the second most spoken language in India after Hindi/Urdu and one of the twenty-three national languages of the Republic of India. In addition, it is also spoken among a diaspora population in the USA, Malaysia, Mauritius, South Africa, Fiji, Runion, Trinidad and the UK among other countries around the world. Telugu is one of the languages of Carnatic music, the classical music of South India.

Development & Spread

Telugu originated from the Proto-Dravidian language, but also has features of Indo-Aryan languages. It probably split from Proto-Dravidian between 1500 BCE and 900 BCE. Telugu belongs to the south-central Dravidian language subfamily, whose members originated from the Proto-Dravidian spoken in the central part of the Deccan plateau. Other languages of the south-central group include the rustic Gondi, Konda, Kui and Kuvi languages, all of which are linguistically closest to Telugu. It is the most widely spoken language in the Dravidian language family.


Telugu script, an abugida from the Brahmic family of scripts.

Important Writers or Works

Annamacharya, Thyagaraja, Kshetryya, Mysore Vasudevachari, Kandukuri Viresalingam PantuluRayaprolu Subba Rao, Gurazada Appa Rao, Viswanatha Satyanarayana, Katuri Venkateswara Rao, Jashuva, Devulapalli Venkata Krishna Sastry, Sri Sri, Puttaparty Narayana Charyulu and others

Other details

There are variety of popular fonts used in Telugu typing; Unicode, Baraha, etc

Source: www.wikipedia.com, www.bhashaindia.com , www.teluguworld.org

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